Learning Modules for Grades 2-3

Learning Modules for Grades 2-3

2nd Grade

Objective 1: Explain how the rotation of the Earth on its axis causes day and night.

Video: Day & Night by Make Me Genius

Planetarium Topics: Why does the sky move?  Where is the Sun during the day/at night? How long does it take for the Earth to spin around 1 time?

Demo: 1. Use a light in the center of the room as the Sun.  2. Use a styrofoam ball on a stick as the Earth and place a pin on the ball.  3.  Observe when the pin is in daytime vs nighttime.  4. Identify on the handout when the pin is in daytime vs nighttime.

Handout: daynight.pdf


Objective 2: Understand that the moon has phases.

Video: The Moon (module 3) by Audio Visual Imagineering

Planetarium Topics: What does the moon look like?  Does it always look this way?  Do you see a pattern in how it changes?  Where is the missing part of the moon?  Where does the moon get its light?

Demo: Using velcro, attach each moon picture to its correct phase.

Handouts: moons.pdf, plateinsertmoons.pdf


3rd Grade

Objective 1: Recognize the relative movement of the Earth and moon in relation to the Sun.

Video: Space Racers - Starling Discovers the Moon by Maryland Public Television

Planetarium Topics: How does the sky move during the course of 1 day?  Why does the sky move this way?  Look at the moon, how does it move from one night to the next?  Why does the moon move against the background stars?  Notice that the Sun also moves against the background stars.  Why is this?

Demo: 1. Sun-Earth-moon computer simulation by Class Action.  2. Using a brass fastener and the short black strip, attach the moon to the Earth.  3. Using a brass fastener and the long black strip, attache the Earth/moon to the Sun.

Handouts: earthmoonsunmodel.pdf


Objective 2: Describe the similarities and differences among the planets.

Video: Choose from one of these videos

  1. Show Me Science - Exploring Our solar System by TMW Media
  2. The Planets by Bill Nye
  3. The Magic School Bus Gets Lost in Space by Scholastic
  4. Space Racers - Where Are We by Maryland Public Television

Planetarium Topics: Whare are the planets found on the sky?  What does this mean about the shape of the Solar System?  Why do some planets move faster or slower against the background stars?  What is the difference between a planet and a star?  How do the planets shine?  How long would it take to travel to the different planets?  What are some of the differences between the planets?  Why are some called "dwarf planets"?

Demo: 1. Laminated planet cards.  2. Fill out the answers to the questions on the sheet using the info from the show and the planet cards.

Handouts: planetcards.pdf, planetmatching.pdf


West Virginia
Wesleyan College

59 College Avenue
Buckhannon, WV 26201
(304) 473-8000

Contact Us


Support WVWC

Current Students


I want more information

Get in touch >